Khan Uul

Khan Uul's Community News

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Thanks to the generous support of donors, we’re making great progress toward the well-being of children and their families. These are a few of the areas we focused on in the past year: 

The Khan Uul (pronounced Con-ool) community is located 46 kilometres from the centre of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia's capital city. Khan Uul is the second-largest of eight districts in Ulaanbaatar, as well as one of its poorest areas. Most families here live in cramped quarters in gers, the traditional Mongolian round felt tent. Basic services are in short supply, which means that families face unhygienic and unsanitary conditions.

Many people in this community relocated from rural areas and cannot afford to register in Ulaanbaatar. As a result they are ineligible for social services and benefits. Almost 40% of families in Khan Uul live in extreme poverty, often on as little as $5 a month, creating challenging conditions for children's healthy development.
Child Protection
  • 236  members of children's and youth groups know where to turn to report abuse or exploitation, reducing violence toward children.
  • 767 the most vulnerable children and their households were monitored through home visits
  • 23 vulnerable people were referred to treatment programs
  • 1 local child protection teams was established and functional, and has implemented action plan
  • 13 child protection promotion activities were initiated by children
  • 17 schools and institutions have a child protection policy in place
  • 931  parents better understand the harmful impact of physical discipline on children, so more boys and girls can be raised in safer and happier homes.
  • 161  parents attended training to learn how to discipline their children without physical violence, so more girls and boys are safer from abuse.
  • 7  joint plans were drafted between community partners, which will help sustainably build a safer, more supportive community for children.
  • 1  formal agreement was signed between community stakeholder, creating partnership that will improve the well-being of more boys and girls.
  • 30 reading materials are now available for are now available for children in structured learning environments
  • 419 community members were involved in implementing spiritual nurture for children's activities, projects or programs
  • 26  workshops taught faith leaders how to address issues like HIV and AIDS, gender equality, health or child safety, engaging them to improve the community.
  • 53  families started a small business, so more girls and boys can have their basic needs met by an increase in their family's income.
  • 100  women and men learned how to operate a business, providing them with skills to be an entrepreneur and earn an income to better support their children.
  • 7  new savings groups were formed, helping mothers and fathers work toward greater financial stability and meet their children's needs.
  • 70  women and men are active members of a local savings group, helping them to become more financially stable.
  • 2  adults learned better ways to collectively produce, harvest or process the products they sell, helping them earn more to support their children.
  • 7  local communities with an up-to-date disaster preparedness plan, helping ensure that more girls and boys will be prepared for and protected in a crisis.
*Results achieved from October 2018 to September 2019
To ensure children can access and benefit from quality education, World Vision will assist the community to:
  • Reduce dropout rates among school-age children.
  • Ensure children have the necessary supplies to succeed in school.
  • Educate community members about the importance of education and increase parents participation in school-related activities.

Health Care
With the partnership of Canadian sponsors and the community, World Vision will work to:
  • Increase families access to health centres and health care services.

In partnership with sponsors, World Vision will work with families in the community to:
  • Increase families knowledge about and access to nutritious and healthy meals.

Water and Sanitation
In partnership with families and sponsors, World Vision will work with the community to:
  • Construct new and repair existing wells to provide families with safe, clean water.
  • Educate community members about safe hygiene and sanitation practices.

Economic Development
To ensure parents in Khan Uul can provide for their families, World Vision will partner with the community to:
  • Establish more diversified income-generating activities to increase family income.
  • Diversify crops and market opportunities in the agricultural sector.
  • Train families on managing household income.

Explore Khan Uul

current conditions

To protect the privacy of children, this map shows only the general area of the community, not the exact location.

The needs in Khan Uul

School enrolment in Khan Uul is below the national average, as most families cannot afford the cost of school supplies and uniforms. In addition, parents don't always understand the importance of education, which means children are not encouraged to attend school. Poorly trained teachers, overcrowded classrooms, and a lack of water, toilets, and heating make it especially difficult for children to study.

There are few teachers who are trained to instruct children with disabilities, so they often do not get the necessary support to reach their full potential.

Health Care
Khan Uul has inadequate health services for its population, and health care providers have limited knowledge and skills. The alternative measure of taking a 90-minute bus ride to the city centre for health services is too costly for most families. There are no medical specialists in the area, equipment desperately needs to be upgraded, and tests can be expensive. All these factors negatively affect children's health and wellbeing.

In Khan Uul, extreme poverty means that families rarely receive regular amounts of nutritious food, leaving children vulnerable to malnutrition and disease. A typical diet does not include many vegetables, consisting instead of potatoes and wheat noodles, which lack essential micronutrients, vitamins, and minerals. Many children in Khan Uul develop anemia (from a lack of iron) and rickets (from a lack of vitamin D). Malnutrition weakens children and makes it difficult for them to study in school.

Water and Sanitation
Children in Khan Uul are exposed to unclean drinking water and poor sanitation. Many families do not have proper toilets. Clean water is available for purchase water, but the cost is often too high for most families. Even where there is centralized water, drinking water still needs to be boiled, but many community members don't know about this practice.

Economic Development
Under Soviet leadership, Khan Uul was an industrial district, but this economic base collapsed after the fall of communism and the breakdown of industrial infrastructure. Community members now lack the skills to find sustainable work, which is already scarce. This has pushed children into the workforce to help their families, where they work as bus assistants, haul coal, or even race horses.

The unemployment rate for working-age people in Khan Uul is 45%. An influx of people from rural areas has heightened the demand for the few existing jobs. It is difficult to travel to the city centre for work, as a bus trip can take 90 minutes each way, and is expensive. A lack of local income-generating activities for parents affects their children's health and educational opportunities.
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Life cycle of a sponsorship community

Khan Uul,  is in Phase 3

PHASE 3: Enhance sustainability

Children and families enjoy improved living conditions. They're ready to become independent and continue the work you helped start. We invite you to help another child and community!