Kiran

The needs in Kiran

Education
While the national literacy rate is high, education is still a challenge in many remote communities like Kiran. Parents do not fully understand the value of schooling for their children. Preschools, which are instrumental during children's formative years, are scarce. Those in existence are often short-staffed and are held under trees instead of indoors.

Although there are two government-run secondary schools in Kiran, they lack basic furniture and equipment. Schools also lack proper facilities like latrines and running water. There is little training available for teachers and many have not been paid in years, which negatively impact the quality of instruction children receive. In some cases, school buildings shelter cattle at night, so students have to spend hours cleaning up their schools.

Health Care
Health care services are difficult to access in Kiran. With no hospitals nearby and poor roads, people have to travel more than 10 km, often on foot, to receive basic care at a centre. This difficulty with accessing health care has led to a high maternal mortality rate, which is currently at 140 per 100,000 live births (23 times greater than the Canadian rate).

Food
In Kiran, many families are unable to provide regular meals for their children and more than 45% of children are malnourished. Parents are often uninformed about proper nutrition or food preparation. When children are malnourished, they often cannot concentrate in school, and their grades suffer as a result.

Water and Sanitation
Families lack access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities in Kiran. For their main source of drinking water, most people rely on seasonal rains. During the dry season, they are often forced to travel to other communities for drinking water. More remote households will fetch water from the local river.

Piped water is not available. Wells are open, with no covers or walls to protect the water from debris and contamination. Proper sanitation is lacking in schools and households and diarrhea is common among children.

Economic Development
The majority of community members in Kiran depend on farming for their income. 75% of the working population is engaged in farming and casual labour in the agricultural sector, mainly in rice paddies. Crop yields are low, however, because farmers rely only on seasonal rains for irrigation and have not had the opportunity to learn more effective agricultural techniques.

It is also an enormous challenge for farmers to get their harvests to market. Traders are discouraged from coming to the area because most roads and bridges have been destroyed in civil conflict. As a result, farmers are offered very low prices for their produce, with most of their profits being spent on their transportation costs.
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Kiran's Community News

Thanks to the generous support of donors, we’re making great progress toward the well-being of children and their families. These are a few of the areas we focused on in the past year: 


The Kiran community is located in eastern Sri Lanka, in a remote region. People here live in simple, temporary houses made of leaves and wood. The weather is generally dry and hot, with rains from October to January during the monsoon season.

Civil war has left infrastructure like roads, bridges, and causeways damaged beyond repair. Agriculture and fishing are the economic mainstays of the area, but an estimated 80% of people live below the poverty line, earning less than 1,500 rupees (CAD $16) a month.

Life is extremely difficult in the community. Civil conflict and natural disasters mean that about one-quarter of families are headed solely by mothers. Children are often sent to work in order to contribute to the family income. Many children and women show signs of post-traumatic stress disorder and most families in Kiran eat fewer than three meals a day.
  • 55 children received the resources they need to learn including school fees, supplies, books and uniforms
  • 233 children and youth are improving their learning through tutoring and extracurricular activities like clubs and camps
  • 7 clubs are in place for children and youth to improve their learning through tutoring and extracurricular activities
  • 87 teachers and volunteers learned child-friendly teaching methods to improve the quality of education for children
  • 6 schools were renovated or furnished with educational materials to provide a better learning environment for students
  • 242 malnourished children were enrolled in nutritional programs and monitored to ensure they are growing healthy
  • 7 health centres were improved with renovations, medical equipment or supplies to better care for children and families
  • 250 people received vocational, business and finance training, improving their opportunities to earn a steady income
  • 286 farmers learned techniques to improve crop and livestock production to better provide for their children and families
  • 260 farmers received livestock, seeds or tools to improve productivity and better provide for their children and families
  • 565 children and adults are members of savings groups, helping families meet their financial needs and access small loans
  • 39 savings groups are helping children and adults save money and access loans to grow businesses or cover basic expenses
  • 260 gardens are in place to help families, community groups or schools provide nutritious food for children
  • 750 individuals including children have safe water for drinking and cooking thanks to new or repaired water sources
  • 6 water sources are providing access to safe water and protecting children and families against waterborne diseases
Education
To ensure children can access and benefit from quality education, World Vision will assist the community to:
  • Establish furnished preschools with access to midday meals, safe water, and educational supports. Provide support to primary and secondary schools.
  • Educate mothers and teachers about the significance of early childhood education.

Health Care
With the partnership of Canadian sponsors and the community, World Vision will work to:
  • Improve families access to health care services and centres.
  • Teach parents about the importance of timely immunization and good health care practices.
  • Reduce the rate of preventable diseases among children.

Food
In partnership with sponsors, World Vision will work with families in the community to:
  • Teach mothers about the importance of proper nutrition, food preparation, and food preservation methods.
  • Reduce the rate of malnutrition among children. Introduce integrated farming, such as home gardening and cattle rearing, to encourage food self-sufficiency.

Child Protection
To ensure children and youth enjoy a safe and protected environment, World Vision will work to:
  • Establish children's clubs to promote a culture of nonviolence and work towards positive value formation.
  • Provide counseling to children struggling with post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • Provide training and development opportunities for staff of children's clubs.

Water and Sanitation
In partnership with families and sponsors, World Vision will work with the community to:
  • Improve families access to hygienic sanitation facilities and wells.
  • Teach parents about the importance of good hygiene to reduce the instance of diarrhea and waterborne diseases among children.

Economic Development
To ensure parents in Kiran can provide for their families, World Vision will partner with the community to:
  • Provide training in modern farming methods to enable farmers to increase their harvests and sell more at market.
  • Teach farmers how to earn fair market value for their produce.
  • Rebuild roads and bridges in the community used to transport and sell agriculture products.

Explore Kiran

current conditions

To protect the privacy of children, this map shows only the general area of the community, not the exact location.

Life cycle of a sponsorship community

Kiran,  is in Phase 2

PHASE 2: Evaluate and grow

We monitor progress and make adjustments to meet goals. More community members become involved, lead projects and gain ownership of their success.